Ever since Independence, we have been facing with the problem of “MALNUTRITION“. It has been one of the major causes of infant deaths not only in India but the whole world. Recently, WHO in its report stated that it is the number one problem world is facing now. A National Family Health Survey reveals that 23% of children in Tamil Nadu are underweight. Whereas in Madhya Pradesh, 60% under 6 suffer from malnutrition. At 56.5% Jharkhand stands second followed by Bihar at 55%.
We often come across articles on this topic like the one you are reading now. And every time our reaction is when will we be able to overcome this situation and India will be a healthy country. We only think about it; we don’t do anything about it.
Because we are completely ignorant of this pandemic. That’s why it is important for us to know about this cause deeply.
Here we will give you some information on malnutrition like, what it is; what are its causes and how to overcome them.
What is MALNUTRITION?
As the name suggests, it is the insufficiency of nutrients in a person’s diet. When a person is not able to get proper amounts of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and fats in his diet, he suffers from the problem of malnutrition.
According to a survey, Uttar Pradesh ranks at the top in case of malnutrition. Here, most children under the age of 5 years, are stunted due to malnutrition.
Causes of Malnutrition:
- IMPROPER DIET: As it is known a proper diet is essential for a healthy body but those children who are born in poverty stricken areas hardly get anything to eat so they can’t have proper amount of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and minerals.
- UNHEALTHY DIET: Now when we are living a fast moving life we often don’t get to eat at proper time and end up eating junk food at improper times which is quite unhealthy for us and does not provide proper nutrients required by the human body making us a victim of malnutrition.
- POVERTY: One of the main causes of malnutrition is poverty. Poor families who are not even able to have proper cloth, shelter, food how they can have sufficient amount of nutrients in their diet. As a result they suffer from malnutrition mostly their children.
- LACK OF KNOWLEDGE: People generally don’t have knowledge of how much percent of nutrients is required by their body and end up eating more or less resulting in obesity, diabetes, heart attack etc.
- CARELESSNESS BY PREGNANT WOMEN: At the time of pregnancy, mothers don’t know what will be good for the child growing in their womb; especially in this era when families are nuclear there is no guidance of elders.
- PRE-MATURE BABIES: Mothers giving birth before the completion of their pregnancy period is also a reason.
Well, there are many reasons which will not come to an end but we can overcome this situation by taking right steps.
How to Overcome It:
- Take first steps and find out what is causing the problem.
- Consult a doctor for the medications required and ask for a diet chart so that you can follow it and have know how of your body’s requirements.
- Have regular body check ups on quarterly or half-yearly basis.
- Include healthy food in your diet and avoid unhealthy food as much as you can.
- Pregnant women should be given proper knowledge of the food and the quantity they should consume so that they don’t face complications at the time of giving birth.
- One should have proper knowledge of this disease so they can take precautionary steps to avoid it and help others too.
We should never think that there is nothing we can do towards any evil of the society or we will always be a victim who are trapped in the claws of any apandemic rather we should try to get more and more knowledge of it; make people aware of it and take right steps to get out and make everything right.